Anaesthesiology is the science of sedation by temporarily blocking the symptoms of pain. Anaesthesiologosts, doctors trained in anaesthesia and preoperative medicine, ensure that the administration of anaesthesia is conducted in a safe and secure manner.
This includes preoperative evaluation, consultation with the surgical team and creating a plan for the anaesthesia tailored to fit each unique individual patient, the provision of pain control and proper post-operative management of patients.
These are two areas of specialisation are often related as they can be caused by trauma, accidents, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors and congenital disorders. Orthopaedic specialists deal with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system and may use both invasive surgical and non-invasive as well as non-surgical means to correct and treat the problem.