Nose Cancer (Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma)
Nose cancer, also known as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), is the fifth most common cancer in Malaysia.
What Are the Risk Factors for Nose Cancer?
- Male gender
- Family history of nose cancer
- Eating salted fish and salted vegetables, which contain nitrosamines
- Working in the timber industry and being exposed to nickel and chromate dust, and hardwood dust
What Are the Symptoms of Nose Cancer?
- Painless neck lump (unilateral or bilateral)
- Blood-stained nasal discharge or saliva
- Unilateral nose block
- Unilateral ear block
- Unilateral headache
- Facial numbness
- Double vision (diplopia)
How Is Nose Cancer Diagnosed?
- Nasopharyngoscopy with biopsy
- Chest X-ray
- CT scan or MRI scan
- PET scan
What Are the Treatment Options for Nose Cancer?
Patients diagnosed with nose cancer may be treated with radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy.
How Can Nose Cancer Be Prevented?
- Practice a healthy lifestyle
- Avoid smoking
- Eat fresh fruits and fresh vegetables