Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) | Gleneagles Hospital

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that affects mostly young children and carries on throughout adulthood. Children might show signs of having a short attention span, hyperactivity, or over impulsive. Most children with ADHD are unaware of the reason of why they may feel a lack of control and might feel isolated. The average attention span development of young children usually develops in three stages. From being able to focus on a particular object for a long period of time to developing a wide attention span, and eventually progressing to the selective attention stage where they consciously switch their focus. For optimal success rate in a classroom setting, a child's final stage of development is vital. ADHD is seen more commonly in boys than girls, signs and symptoms are visible before they turn the age of seven.


- Brain infections, trauma to the head, and lead poisoning

- Use of drugs, high blood pressure, and infections during pregnancy

- Hereditary

- Neurological (brain) imbalance affecting areas that control focusing, planning and organization



There are three main signs associated with ADHD:

- Being hyperactive

- Displaying impulsive behaviour, having a short temper, and prone to accidents

- Hard to pay attention or focus on the tasks at hand

Potential Challenge


- Acquire learning disabilities

- Deteriorating grades or scores on school tests


- Difficulty in understanding the consequences of misbehaving

- Talking to themselves in a childish way


- Depression and lack of control of emotions

- Inability to follow instructions

- Inability to make friends

- Compulsive lying, stealing, and high-risk behaviour

- Poor social and problem-solving abilities



The treatment of ADHD might be any of the following or the combination of both:

- Diet and nutritional changes to improve general health, which may help reduce the symptoms of ADHD

- Educating the child and his/her family on behaviour changes

- Medication to control chemical imbalance in the brain and target brain area responsible for focusing and self-control

- Psychological counselling to help boost self-esteem

It is important to note that education and psychological treatments need to be used together with medication to ensure the best outcome.

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