It is still not known as to what causes stomach cancer. However, this disease is more common in men as compared to the female gender and affects those in their 60s and 70s.
Other risks include:
- Individuals who are older than 60 years of age
- Consume substantial smoked food, salted fish and meat, and pickled foods. (consuming more fruits and vegetables high in vitamins A and C reduces the risk of stomach cancer
- Family history with stomach cancer
- Have a certain type of anaemia which means you are unable to absorb vitamin B12 (pernicious anaemia)
- Long-term inflammation of the stomach (chronic gastritis)
- Smoke tobacco and drinking alcohol
- A chronic infection of the stomach known as Helicobacter Pylori. If H.Pylori infection goes untreated, the inflammation can spread and cause chronic gastritis.