Formation of Kidney Stones develop when:
- Low levels of substances that block these mineral from crystallising in the urine.
- Concentrated minerals such as calcium, oxalate, phosphate, uric acid, or cysteine
- Alternative conditions for example cystic kidney diseases, urinary tract infections and metabolic disorders exist.
There are many risk factors, these include:
- Dietary factors include lack of fluids, high consumption of salt intake, high consumption of oxalate rich foods for example certain nuts, almonds, peanutes, strawberries, tea, and coffee), and high intake of purine-rich foods such as organ meats and shellfish.
- Environmental factors, for example hot weather conditions that causes too much sweat while lacking fluids in your body system. This can lead to low levels of urine and concentrated minerals.
- Genetic factors that include a solid family history of kidney stones