Often, the cause of a Heart Attack is when one or more arteries gets narrower and affects the normal blood supply to the heart. Some main factors include the build-up of cholesterol deposits within the wall of these arteries (a process known as Atherosclerosis). This restricts blood flow to the heart muscle that affects the supply of oxygen.
There are some modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors associated with a heart attack.
Modifiable risk factors:
- Lifestyle factors such as smoking, lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet
- Lifestyle factors such as smoking, lack of exercise, and an unbalanced diet
- Treatable conditions including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes
Non-modifiable risk factors:
- Age factor, ethnicity, family history related to the disease, gender where men are 3 to 5 times more susceptible to experience a heart attack as compared to women.
-Menopause (the loss of natural oestrogen affects the risk of a woman getting a heart disease)