Most arryhthmias do not require treatment. Your doctor wil examine your condition and discuss with you about the spectrum of treatment thats available to you. These combinations might include:-
- Quit smoking
- Avoid activites that can trigger irregular heart beat
- Limit consumption of caffeine
- Avoid stimulants used in cough and cold medications
- Anti-arrythmic drugs to control heart rate
- Anticoagulant therapy (blood thinners) to reduce blood clot formation
Surgery to try to control arrhythmias and restore regular heart rate:
- Pacemakers, defibrillators, and cardiac implants. These small electrical devices are implanted in the cheat and produces electrical energy by filling in the missing beats and restoring heart function close to normal. These can be temporary or permanent insertions.
- Electrophysical Studies (EP) is performed under a local anaesthetic, this procedure uses heart stimulators with controlled electrical pulses to locate the source of obstruction or irregular beats.
- Catheter Ablation will most likely cure arrhythmia and is essentially done post-EP studies and in the occasion of ineffective medication. This procedures works by using several thin tubes (catheters) with electrodes that are inserted into the blood vessels and directed into the heart. Radiofrequency energy (similar to microwave heat) removes the area of the heart muscle that is causing the irregular beats.