Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a type of disease that causes high pressure fluid to build up within the eye, causing damage to the optic nerve. This type of damage can be irreversible, causing poor eyesight and sometimes blindness. Acute Glaucoma causes the pressure in the eyes to rise quickly to very high levels and patients experience sudden severe eye pain, blurred vision and headaches. Chronic Glaucoma however tends to develop at a much slower rate, not showing any symptoms at the beginning. As the nerve damage becomes more severe, vision becomes affected and most patients experience 'tunneling'. Some individuals eventually become fully blind.

Types of Glaucoma
There are 4 types of Glaucoma

Closed Angle Glaucoma — The eye’s drainage system physically closes up leading to high pressure; this can happen suddenly (acute) or slowly (chronic)
Low Pressure Glaucoma — The optic nerve is weak and becomes damaged even with normal pressure
Open Angle Glaucoma — The eye’s drainage system slowly becomes defective, leading to high pressure
Secondary Glaucoma — Other eye conditions or certain drugs cause the pressure in the eye to rise
Symptoms
Depending on the type of Glaucoma, symptoms may vary but usually have the same outcomes. Most patients with Acute Glaucoma tend to report severe, sudden eye redness, pain and blurred vision and should consult a doctor as soon as possible. The more common Chronic Glaucoma is more insidious with slow and painless reduction of vision. Because most individuals have the chronic form, they are often not aware that they have Glaucoma until the later stages. By this time, the optic nerve has already become damaged. We at Gleneagles Hospitals recommend regular eye check-ups especially for older patients or those who have relatives with Glaucoma.
Treatment
Although Glaucoma cannot be cured, it can be effectively and successfully controlled. This type of treatment strives to prevent further damage to the patient's optic nerve and preserve remaining levels of vision. The types of treatment recommended highly depends on the severity of Glaucoma and may include simple medicated eye drops to laser therapy or surgery. Consult our specialists to find out what type of treatment is the most appropriate for your condition.

Our Specialists

Dr. Sim Pek Eng
Specialty
Ophthalmology
Location
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Dr. Terrence Soong Kwong Weng
Specialty
Ophthalmology
Vitreo-Retinal Surgery
Location
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Dr. Mona Ngui Soon Hung
Specialty
Ophthalmology
Location
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Dr. Sharon Paulraj
Specialty
Ophthalmology
Location
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Dr. Dayang Sayalam Binti Ag Daud
Specialty
Ophthalmology
Paediatrics
Location
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu

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EMERGENCY CONTACT
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Ambulance / Emergency
+6088 518 911