Foot Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

What is Foot Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)?

The inflammation of the band of muscles (Plantar Fascia) under the sole of the foot supporting the arch is the most common cause of heel pain. This can occur in one foot or in both feet at the same time.

Causes

The causes of strain to the Plantar Fascia muscle can be due to degenerative conditions or from previous injuries. This can occur due to poor choice in fotowear such as shoes with thin soles lacking support. Other causes may include:

- Going back to strenuous activity after a long period of rest

- Having a short calf muscle

- Having poor ankle range of motion

- Middle-aged people are most commonly affected.

Symptoms
The most common symptom is a pain that occurs when an individual takes the first steps after getting up in the morning or called 'first step pain'. There may also be swelling of the foot.
Treatment

Treatment is simple and can include: - Modifying your activities and stretching your calf muscle

- Painkillers or Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

- Resting your foot and applying ice (to reduce inflammation)

- Wearing more comfortable and supportive footwear, including an insole (Orthotic) to support your arch

If the pain continues, then your doctor may offer steroid injection. Most family physicians can treat Plantar Fasciitis, but if the pain persists, you may be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for specialist treatment.

Complications and Related Diseases
Individuals who suffer Plantar Fasciitis should refrain from further physical activity during the acute period of injury. If heel pain is chronic, light exercises with supportive footwear is allowed. Stretching your calf muscles daily will help especially for those who wear high heels.

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Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
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+6088 518 911