There are other treatment options that are offered for bladder cancer, this depends on what type of cancer and the severity of it.
Your overall health condition also plays a part for your doctors to determine the best treatment option for you. From a personalized treatment to a combination of methods to find a plan that suits you best.
In the early stages, some treatment options may include:
- Regular check-ups post treatment as the superficial bladder cancers often develop again.
- Intravesical chemotherapy, that can be used on its own or post TURBT where it is injected into the bladder through a small catheter.
- Transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) is a minimally invasive surgery that involves a resectoscope instrument, this enters the bladder through the urethra. This is to cut off the tumour or burn away bladder cancer cells with an electric current.
If the bladder cancer has reached an advanced (invasive) stage, the following treatment options might be recommended.
Biological therapy uses live-attenuated bcg bacteria, to prompt a response from the immune system to combat bladder cancer cells. By using a small catheter, the bacteria is injected into the bladder. Chemotherapy drugs is used by injecting intravenously in order to circulate in the bloodstream and to get to almost all organs in the body.
Alternatively, this can be given orally. Radical cystectomy is a surgery that gets rid of the whole bladder, nearby to the lymph nodes and other surrounding organs with the potential to turn into a cancerous one.
Your doctor might be able to provide a replacement bladder by using a part of the small or large intestine.Radiotherapy uses high-energy rays, that is used to kill cancer cells and to alleviate the symptoms caused by the disease.