What Is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a cancer of the breast tissue. It arises from the uncontrollable cell growth of cells in the breast.
Are All Breast Lumps Cancerous?
- 80% of breast lumps are benign and could be:
- Breast cysts
- 20% are cancerous
Are You at Risk?
- Significant Risk
- Family history of breast cancer and ovarian cancer
- Carrier of BRCA genes
- Ovarian cancer patients
- Patients with previous history of breast cancer
- Presence of breast lumps – atypical hyperplasia, carcinoma in situ
- Moderate Risk
- Single, late childbirth, no children
- Not breastfeeding
- Use of oral contraceptive pills
- Use of hormonal replacement therapy
- General Risk
- Affluent diet that is rich in fat, cholesterol, carbohydrates and red meat
- Obesity, sedentary lifestyle
- Alcohol and cigarette consumption
What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?
- Breast lump
- Skin dimpling
- Change in skin colour or texture
- Change in how the nipple looks, for example nipple inversion
- Clear or bloody fluid leaking out of the nipple
How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?
- Blood test
- Biopsy tissues
- Imaging tests:
- CT scan
- Bone scan
- PET-CT scan
How Does Mammography Screen for Breast Cancer?
- Mammogram can detect early breast lesions that are less than 1 cm in size
- Higher possibility of being able to have breast-conserving surgery
- Can minimise the need for chemotherapy
- Survival rate is generally better
What are the Treatment Options for Breast Cancer?
- Breast surgery
- Hormonal therapy
- Targeted therapy